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What is Knowledge Transfer Programme (KTP) ?


ms', arial, sans-serif; text-align: justify;">KTP recognises a broad range of activities to support mutually beneficial collaborations between universities, industries and communities (government agencies/non-government organisations (NGOs)/public sector). It provides the platform for the exchange of tangible and intangible intellectual property, expertise, learning and skills between academia, industry and the community.

The forms of interactions may include joint research, consultancy, education, training, graduate development, conferences, sharing of physical facilities and student placements. Public Higher Education Institutions (IPTA) should effectively engage with industry and community towards mutually beneficial initiatives through role played by

  • Academia : able to incorporate relevant and up to date knowledge from industry and the community into their teaching, learning, research and consultancy activities.
  • Industry : can utilise the resources of IPTA to enhance their business capability and economic activities
  • Community : can benefit from the knowledge generated in IPTA to improve quality of life within the community.
  • Graduated/Postgraduate Intern : enhance their personal and professional development

 

Objectives


  • Able to incorporate relevant and up to date knowledge from industry and the community into their teaching, learning, research and consultancy activities.
  • Can utilise the resources of IPTA to enhance their business capability and economic activities.
  • Can benefit from the knowledge generated in IPTA to improve quality of life within the community.
  • Enhance their personal and professional development
 

Goal


To enable the development and improvement of the quality of products, services and policies to be shared for mutual benefits between the stakeholders i.e. academia, industry, community and the graduated / post graduate intern

 

Current Status of Knowledge Transfer Programme (KTP) of IPTA in Malaysia


  • IPTA do implement KTP, however they are not comprehensive
  • The practices and approach varies among the IPTA
  • Poor correlation between investment in time and resources versus the impact currently produced
  • Thus there is a need for a structured and systematic national KTP framework

 

Issues and Challenges


Issues :

  • Mismatch between the needs of the industry and the available resources in IPTA
  • Communication problems among stake holders
  • Lack of access to information among parties involved

Challenges :

  • Insufficient expertise in IPTA in some sectors
  • Convincing the industry that grade is not the only factor for internship eligibility
  • Industry perception of “subsidised rate” for consultancy work by IPTA
  • Lack of laboratory certification IPTA
  • Lack of readiness and willingness of industry/IPTA to share their expertise and facilities

 

Rationale of Knowledge Transfer Programme (KTP) Policy


  • To encourage and recognise engagement between industry/community and academia in order to support the implementation of New Economic Model (NEM) of Malaysia in creating a knowledgeable and high income nation
  • To provide a meaningful platform of exchange that facilitates the identification and matching of appropriate expertise in IPTA to address industry and community needs
  • To optimise the potential of IPTA expertise through coordinated interactions with stakeholders
  • To nurture the interactions between the stakeholders for sustainable and productive partnerships

 

SWOT analysis


Strength :

  • Expertise and capacity of academic and non-academic in the University
  • University as the pool of innovative ideas
  • Abundance of volunteerism among university students and staff
  • The autonomy to engage the community
  • Long and proven track records in community engagement and services

Weakness :

  • Lack of formalization of partnership and commitment from the experts in the University
  • Measurement of impact social innovation projects especially the intangibles
  • Documentations of all KTP projects
  • Wide and varying definition of the scope of the knowledge transfer
  • No clear connection with the target groups
  • Level of rewards and recognition varies between Universities
  • Lack of governance and leadership at University level in support of KTP in community engagement
  • Varying ecosystem within individual Universities

Opportunities :

  • Potential to enhance & enrich current knowledge through KTP initiatives exist
  • The need to preserve good and noble values and passion in existing initiatives
  • Enhancing meaningful community services in community engagement
  • Paradigm shift from current service-oriented to scholarly-oriented community project
  • Empowerment and capacity building of the recipient groups
  • Possible partnership with more focused NGOs
  • Reciprocity of knowledge transfer and exchange

Threat :

  • No clear policy in existence to support KTP in community
  • Reluctance of the academic staff to engage in the knowledge transfer
  • Lack of commitment and support by certain industry on community engagement